HAPPY EASTER EUROBOND

HAPPY EASTER EUROBOND

In view of the recent difficulties that most European countries are going through due to the well-known COVID-19 Pandemic, the head of government of most affected countries (like Italy, France, Spain) are calling aloud and rightly the solidarity that would subsist on being able to use funds for companies in order to stem/attenuate as much as possible the effects of the economic crisis that are inevitably still unknown to most. However, from an economic and financial point of view, there are variables that are difficult to assess but must still be considered in any EuroBond issueing, which by the way
 STANDARDS AND FOUNDAMENTALS IN BUSINESS CRISES

STANDARDS AND FOUNDAMENTALS IN BUSINESS CRISES

It is undeniably true that the COVID-19 pushed the global economies into a unexpected “recession” and this must be managed now either from a political and economical point of view cause still, its impact is pretty much unkown. Though that from a statistical point of view this impact could be measured in term of how macroeconomics variables will be changing and impact the economical landscape. Smart working for entrepreneurs and advisors is a visible changing paradigm but how businesses will impact on the growth of activities will strictly depend on the use of new technologies. Looking back to the Banks that produced
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: REPORTING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: REPORTING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Could we expect new developments in the concept of sustainability of enterprises in the light of the COVID-19 era ?     Sustainability is not only linked to the overall debt recorded in the balance sheet under liabilities, but, as is already widely discussed internationally, the company will have to be assessed according to environmental sustainability with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reporting, which has led to go beyond the mere "accounting principles" and accounting standards that are however still very important and necessary for the preparation of a company's economic and financial situation (Financial Statements) and disclosures.    In Europe, the EU Directive 95/2014
SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS: A LOOK THROUGH THE NATURE OF DEBTS AMONG GAAP / IFRS

SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS: A LOOK THROUGH THE NATURE OF DEBTS AMONG GAAP / IFRS

In this article we give a general input for the concept of "sustainability", which in the light of COVID-19 it is more than ever of critical importance for the whole ecosystem of businesses, stakeholders, economies and the overall society. Let's briefly identify why the authorities at international level still tend to broaden the concept of sustainability, but above all, what is meant by "sustainability" of the company.  The now distant distinction between financial sustainability of debt and environmental sustainability leads to a debate on the possible evolution of some accounting principles that, however still today, do not distinguish
BUSINESS CRISIS: WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ASSET ADEQUACY RATIO ?

BUSINESS CRISIS: WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ASSET ADEQUACY RATIO ?

We would like to point out that here we are only talking about the alert indicator on the company's capital adequacy, which is one of the five "alert indicators" that aim to measure the percentage values that will indicate whether the company is in a crisis situation and therefore risks being reported.  For all the crisis indicators the alert thresholds are variable according to the sectors of activity in which the enterprises operate and this according to the sector of business. This means that for all enterprises that will have a given sector of activity the same percentage
FINANCIAL LEVERAGE

FINANCIAL LEVERAGE

What do we mean about Financial Leverage ? It is a relationship between the capital of third parties and the equity of a company. Leverage is a real indicator of a financial nature, although it is used as a debt ratio for the calculation of the company's leverage. In fact, this ratio of assets expresses the degree of indebtedness of the company, which the corporates call as a degree of financial independence or debt quotient. The "leverage" however allows us to identify those situations in which a given company has the convenience to borrow capital, that
CAPITAL MARKETS AND TIME-RISK

CAPITAL MARKETS AND TIME-RISK

The capital market is the set of institutions involved in borrowing and lending and raising funds, as a rule the risk in the capital market is associated with time (time risk) as exchanges in the capital market are inter-temporal and take place over time. Since many risks cannot be insured (such as that of a company that wants to insure itself against a drop in demand or the arrival of a better competitor), and also the COVID-19 ["unless statal efficient measures"] the problem of time-risk interconnection in the capital market is of greater importance todays for enterprises.   Some economists pointed out
BUDGETARY ANALYSIS BETWEEN SOLVENCY AND SUSTAINABILITY

BUDGETARY ANALYSIS BETWEEN SOLVENCY AND SUSTAINABILITY

The science of budget analysis has always required a high degree of specialization and therefore a huge consumption of time for the need of processing Accounting information of the Budget in order to make it more understandable to the general public.    The speed of changes and unuspected variables like COVID-19 requires to act in a more informed manner (just like investors require transparency) by using "standardized" approaches to all types of businesses and Accounting principles.   Nowadays during time of crisis in accordance with public notifications of economic recessions downturns, the intelligence of advanced technology is necessary more than ever to support entrepreneurs
OPTIMIZE TIME FOR BUDGETARY ANALYSIS: SMART WORKING TO GET SMART REPORTING

OPTIMIZE TIME FOR BUDGETARY ANALYSIS: SMART WORKING TO GET SMART REPORTING

Todays economies where companies and entrepreneurs are living, require still a long time and effort in searching useful information and coming up more easily with useful and usable solutions in term of financing, restructuring, merging, valuating, benchmarking and reporting.   To that extend the UNIGIRO offers a real "utility" for the business and professional world of 2020 through the use of technology and "lean" programming effectively articulated and integrated to allow all operators to obtain at any time and in a few seconds of time a significant amount of financial information about the Company of interest through detailed
Blokchain_International_Financial_Reporting_Standard

BLOCKCHAIN VIA XBRL DATA ANALYTICS ENGINE: WHAT ARE EXTENSIVE BENEFITS FOR STAKEHOLDERS ?

The XBRL Europe family has been organising an important event in Milan on the 5th and 6th Febraury 2020 at the Chamber of Commerce of Milano (Italy).   During this event , we are pleased to present the potential and functionalities about our XBRL Data Analytics Engine as it can delivery advantages to Chamber of Commerce of several countries and more....   Dott. Andrea Lupini will be discussing about the main advantages for stakeholders at domestic and international level in using "permissionless" blockchain technology and AI with XBRL International Financial Repoting Standards (IFRS) in a Data Analytics tool-kit to
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